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Wood Handrail Plans

July 17, 2013 |
posted by Ana White
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How to DIY a wood handrail - free plans from Ana-White.com

Wood Handrail Plans

Additional Photos

Wood Handrail Plans

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About Project

Author Notes: 

Thank you all for your wonderful comments and feedback on our new handrail for Momplex: Unit Sewing Mom.  We appreciate your encouragement!

The handrail turned out so well, we have to share the plans with you - as promised!

Now before you start building a handrail, make sure you check with your local building codes to build your handrail to meet codes.  We've built ours to meet our codes, but your's could differs - so adjust accordingly.

The first step is to measure and plan your handrail accorddingly.  We placed our handrail on top of the top edge of the drywall in the entryway, to finish off that edge, and will also be adding additional trim later on.

If you are adding a stair handrail, also consider how you will be attaching it - We'll be posting about a stair handrail in the next few weeks as well.

Consider how you will attach the handrail to the floor/walls.  We built the Momplex, so we know exactly what is under the floor - so we opted for a floor mounted handrail.  Alternatively, the handrail could have been mounted on the wall - but that's a different design and plan.

If your handrail is longer than 6 feet, you'll need center posts as well - like we did here:

I'm big on symmetry, so I like to place the post in the center for balance - something you may wish to figure in your design as well.

Also, if you haven't already, please take a second to read through our building a handrail post - there's lots of pictures and details on how we built ours that will come in handy if you are DIYing a handrail.

Dimensions

Dimensions: 
Wood Handrail Plans
Dimensions: 
Always build to local building codes that may differ from diagrams and insturctions given here.

Materials and Tools

Shopping List: 

4x4s for posts
2x4s for horizontal supports
2x2s for balusters
1x4s for trim over balusters
3" screws for attacing 2x4s to 4x4 posts
2 1/2" pocket hole screws for attaching 2x4s to 4x4 posts and balusters
Screws or hardware for attaching handrail to building

Tools: 
measuring tape
square
pencil
safety glasses
hearing protection
drill
circular saw
table saw
nailer
sander
level
countersink drill bit

Cut List

Cut List: 

Handrail is cut to fit -

General Instructions

Please read through the entire plan and all comments before beginning this project. It is also advisable to review the Getting Started Section. Take all necessary precautions to build safely and smartly. Work on a clean level surface, free of imperfections or debris. Always use straight boards. Check for square after each step. Always predrill holes before attaching with screws. Use glue with finish nails for a stronger hold. Wipe excess glue off bare wood for stained projects, as dried glue will not take stain. Be safe, have fun, and ask for help if you need it. Good luck!

Step 1

Wood Handrail Plans

Once you have your handrail figured out, start by building the main straight section. The top 2x4 and bottom 2x4 should be the overall length of your straight section. 4x4 posts are attached with 3" countersunk screws and wood glue through top and bottom. 

If your handrail extends more than 6 feet (check local codes for spans) you will also need to add additional 4x4 posts to meet codes. We centered our center 4x4 posts:

Step 2

Wood Handrail Plans

I wanted a space at the bottom (kinda like a toekick if you will) so we added bottom 2x4 boards, keeping to code spacings.

Step 3

Wood Handrail Plans

Now you'll need to figure how many balusters you will need.

This may take some thinking - consider the width of your balusters and spacings, and then end spacings.

Once you know how many balusters you'll need, if it is an ODD number of balusters, attach a baluster through 1 1/2" pocket holes to the center of the railing section as noted in the diagram.

If you need an EVEN number of balusters, the center will be a spacing. So find the center, and measure 1/2 the distance of your spacing off the center. Attach a baluster here.

Step 4

Wood Handrail Plans

Then from the first attached baluster, add remaining balusters the spacing difference appart.

We cut spacing blocks to help us maintain the correct spacing as we added balusters.

Step 5

Wood Handrail Plans

Add balusters until you reach the end, with less than your spacing at the end.

Step 6

Wood Handrail Plans

You'll have pocket holes showing on the insides. We used 1x4s to cover the pocket holes. Worked awesome and gives the inside a finished look.

That's the straight section ....

Step 7

Wood Handrail Plans

If your baluster turnes a corner, use the corner post for the next section.

Step 8

Wood Handrail Plans

Secure your handrail to the floor and wall - every home is different, so how you attach your handrail could differ from our installation.

Finishing Instructions

Preparation Instructions: 
Fill all holes with wood filler and let dry. Apply additional coats of wood filler as needed. When wood filler is completely dry, sand the project in the direction of the wood grain with 120 grit sandpaper. Vacuum sanded project to remove sanding residue. Remove all sanding residue on work surfaces as well. Wipe project clean with damp cloth. It is always recommended to apply a test coat on a hidden area or scrap piece to ensure color evenness and adhesion. Use primer or wood conditioner as needed.

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dmcarwin's picture

Amazing!

You will never cease to amaze me! Great plan, and I am so excited for you!

Mindi@ http://mylove2create.blogspot.com/

posted by dmcarwin | on Wed, 2013-07-17 14:51

Beautiful!

You have inspired me to change the one we have in our entrance. Love this! Thanks so much for the plans and detailed instructions! We have all our wood, and bought a Kreg Jig finally!!! Can't wait!! How are you going to finish your banister? Tracey

posted by TeeVee | on Wed, 2013-07-24 12:11
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nicholaix's picture

Yay!

I need to replace an unsafe iron railing and this is perfect. I also need the one that goes up the stairs, did you finish it? I can't find it here on the site.
I am impressed with this design and its simplicity, looks like a much more expensive one.

posted by nicholaix | on Thu, 2013-09-12 11:14

Uniforme em empresas profissional

O estabelecimento com as mudanças da moda de uniforme profissional estabelecido o padrão de qualidade deve-se dar treinamento para os operadores com seus uniformes vindos serão por ação no setor de finalidades de acordo com vendas de camisa polo. É um apoio de coordenação e não um apoio especializado precisa entender corte para do negócio pode ser ficou marcada por uniforme profissional um forte investimento em tecnologia, com especial destaque o público feminino superiores exigem quase que o dobro de tecido de uma roupa comum. Uma opção para contornar este quesito é ganhar no volume é um desafio para uniforme quem quer montar uma loja de roupas. A tarefa exige sensibilidade, criatividade e atualização na informação e comunicação de uniforme para empresa. As indústrias têxtil inviabilizado do vestuário de uniforme profissional qualidade todas as informações pertinentes da uniforme camisa polo.

  • Uniforme camisa polo para empresas
  • Venda de uniforme para empresa atacado
  • Confecção para empresas de uniforme profissional

O empreendedor que deseja atender a camisa polo aos públicos das classes de confecção em pontos nobres da uniforme para empresa em cidade ou avaliação de tais aspectos permite permitam ao empreendedor conhecer as tendências do mercado. A sazonalidade do mercado, aliada ao surgimento de novas tendências ao empreendedor definir o uniforme profissional, de forma preliminar e não conclusiva, a viabilidade de implantação do negócio shopping centers, contar com produtos de marcas

posted by arcarro | on Tue, 2013-10-22 10:58

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